This multifaceted region in the heart of Italy is divided into 10 provinces, which characteristics we would like to present to you below!

Discovering Tuscany: A guide to the provinces and capitals of this beautiful Italian region

Massa-Carrara, Lucca & Pistoia​

The province of Massa-Carrara lies in the north of the region and is characterised by the Apuan Alps, which mark the border with Liguria. In the mountains of Carrara the most beautiful stone in the world is broken – marble! The capitals of Massa and Carrara are only a few kilometres away from one of the most beautiful coasts of the Mediterranean, the coast of Versilia. The beautiful lake Lago Puccini owes its name to the famous composer Giacomo Puccini, who comes from nearby Lucca.

The province of Lucca joins Massa-Carrara to the east. The capital Lucca is the epitome of the Tuscan city and attracts with its open, lively atmosphere, romantic old town streets and the magnificent city wall, which is considered the most beautiful in the region. The Garfagnana mountain valley with its deep green, wild landscape and the river Serchio invites you for excursions and walks.

Pistóia stretches east of Lucca. The provincial capital of the same name is an important economic and commercial centre of the province. In the hilly areas of Montalbano you will find the birthplace of the universal genius Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519). In Anchiano you can visit his birthplace. In nearby Vinci, two museums in the Castello di Vinci pay homage to him. The village of San Miniato south of Pistóia attracts connoisseurs with its annual truffle fair.

Prato, Florence & Arezzo

East of the province of Pistóia is the province of Prato, which was under the province of Firenze until 1992. The provincial capital of the same name is the second largest city in Tuscany and was once an important wool empire. Even today, the focus is on textile production. The old town attracts with numerous historical treasures, such as the Medici palaces (UNESCO world cultural heritage), baroque churches and museums. In terms of landscape, the province offers ideal conditions for outdoor activities, from the Montalbano mountains, ochre-coloured hilly landscapes to the Benzio valley.

The province of Firenze stretches east of Prato, and its capital Florence, the economic and cultural centre of Tuscany, is a must for every traveller to Italy! Divided by the Arno River, this lively regional metropolis is the “cradle of the Renaissance” and attracts visitors with its world-class art and culture. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1982. The idyllic landscapes are characterised by the Arno River, which runs through the hilly landscapes of the famous Chianti wine region.

To the east is the province of Arezzo, whose capital Arezzo is famous throughout Italy for the frescoes by Piero della Francesca in the main chapel of San Francesco. The city is also an ideal base for exploring the northern Casentino Natural Park with its dense green forests and ancient castles, as well as the Etruscan Country between the Tiber and Chiana valleys.

Pisa & Livorno

The province of Pisa with the provincial capital of the same name should not be missed as a traveller to Tuscany! No tower in the world is more famous than the leaning tower of Pisa on the Piazza dei Mirácoli! It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. The river bank of the Arno offers a beautiful cityscape with imposing palaces. In front of the doors of Pisa, fine sandy beaches extend into southern Tirrenia and Calambrone. In the interior of the province, wide plains, hilly expanses, lush forests and thermal resorts offer a multifaceted landscape.

The province of Livorno stretches along the Tyrrhenian coast and reaches little inland. The coast is also known as the Etruscan Riviera due to the numerous finds from the Etruscan period. The southern coast is characterised by dense forests of ancient pines. Livorno also includes the islands of the Tuscan archipelago. Especially Elba is popular as a destination for excursions due to its natural beauty, crystal clear water and good food.

Siena & Grosseto

The province of Siena extends over the southern centre of Tuscany and has probably the most fascinating areas of the region. Starting in the north with the southern hills of the Chianti wine region and the Val d’Orcia (UNESCO World Heritage Site) to the loamy hills of the Crete Senesi in the southeast. The provincial capital Siena is characterized by brick red Gothic and is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Tuscany. The famous “Piazza del Campo” hosts one of Italy’s most exciting equestrian competitions, the “Palio di Siena”, every year.

South of the province of Siena, the province of Grosseto extends to the Tyrrhenian coast. The vast province is littered with remains and necropolises of the numerous Etruscan foundations, mainly found in the Maremma scrub in Saturnia, Sorano and Sovana. The hinterland is characterised by the highest peak of Tuscany, Monte Amiata, which reaches an impressive 1,738 metres. The coast of Grosseto lures with the protected natural park of the Maremma and its shady pine forests.

Booking and information

Would you like to discover the variety of the Central Italian region Tuscany? We will be pleased to provide further detailed information regarding our group tours in Tuscany upon your inquiry. We are looking forward to your no-obligation request via our contact form, e-mail or by telephone at +49 611 945879 42!

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